S&P 500The Standard and Poor's 500 or else S&P 500 is a float-adjusted capitalization-weighting index that includes 500 large-cap US companies listed on NYSE or NASDAQ.

Begun in 1957, the S&P 500 is maintained by S&P Dow Jones Indices. 

  • The S&P 500 index is a free-float weighted/capitalization-weighted index
  • S&P 500 covers about 80% of the available market capitalization
  • S&P 500 companies are publicly listed on either the New York Stock Exchange or NASDAQ
  • As of mid-2021, the nine largest listed companies on the S&P 500 accounted for 28.1% of the total market capitalization
  • The listed companies on the S&P 500 index are selected by a committee (the requirements are listed below)
  • Related indices include S&P Global 100, S&P GLOBAL 1200, S&P International 700, and S&P/TSX 60 Index
  • Ticker symbols include $SPX, US500, GSPC, INX

Short-History

In 1923, Standard Statistics Company began rating mortgage bonds. Later, in 1926, they created a 90-stock index. In 1941, Standard Statistics Company merged with Poor's Publishing and formed Standard & Poor's.

 It was founded on May 26, 1896, and today, it is owned by the CME Group.The Dow Jones Industrial Average, or DJIA, or Dow 30, or just Dow is one of the most important world financial indices. The Dow Jones Industrial tracks 30 large blue-chip companies trading on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq. It was founded on May 26, 1896, and today, it is owned by the CME Group.

  • Dow 30 follows the daily fluctuations of 30 large publicly-owned US companies
  • Exchanges include the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ
  • The weighting method follows the 'Price-Weighted Index'
  • Trading symbols include US30, DJI, and DJIA
  • The Dow is named after Charles Dow, who created the index along with his partner Edward Jones
  • After the Dow Jones Transportation Average (DJTA), the DJIA is the oldest market index in the US

Official WebSite | CME Group

DAX-30 is a capitalization-weight index that includes 40 major German blue chip companies..Started in July 1988, the DAX-40 is a capitalization-weight index that includes major blue chip companies trading on the Frankfurt exchange.

  • DAX conists of 40 large companies trading on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange
  • DAX is well diversified across different sectors of the economy
  • 37 of the listed companies are domiciled in Germany, 2 in Netherlands, and 1 in the United Kingdom
  • It is a total return index using the "capitalization-weighted" as its weighting method
  • Prices are tracked via the Xetra trading venue
  • Until 2021, the listed companies were 30, and DAX was known as DAX-30
  • Related indices include MDAX, TecDAX, SDAX, and ÖkoDAX
  • In 2022, the DAX-40 total market cap was 1.6 trillion euro

The NASDAQ-100 is a capitalization-weight index that includes 102 of the largest non-financial companies listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange..The NASDAQ-100 is a capitalization-weight index that includes 102 of the largest non-financial companies listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange. Companies outside the US are included too.

Starting in 1985, the NASDAQ-100 incorporates multiple industries, except financials. For the financial industry, Nasdaq introduced another brother index called NASDAQ Financial-100.

  • Nasdaq was introduced in 1985 by the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD)
  • On The beginning price of the Nasdaq-100 was set at 250 points
  • On December 31, 1993, the base of Nasdaq was reset from 800 points to 125 points
  • Historically, the NASDAQ-100 is considerably more volatile than the Dow Jones Industrial and the S&P500
  • NASDAQ-100 is mainly focused on dynamic industries like online technology, telecoms, biotechnology, and media
  • The dollar value of exchange-traded products tracking the Nasdaq-100 Index exceeded $300 billion at the end of 2021
  • As of mid-2022, NASDAQ-100 is made up of 102 equity securities

This is the yearly chart of NASDAQ-100, each candle in the chart reflects 12 months.